The well-being assessment for productivity: A well-being approach to presenteeism
Prochaska, J. O. Evers, K. E. Johnson, J. L. Castle, P. H. Prochaska, J. M. Sears, L. E. Rula, E. Y. Pope, J. E.
JOEM (Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine), 53(7), 735–742.
Objective: To develop a presenteeism assessment, the Well-Being Assessment for Productivity (WBA-P), that provides an informative evaluation of job performance loss due to well-being related barriers.
Method: The WBAP was developed using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis using survey data from 1827 employed individuals. Evidence of criterion-related validity was established using multivariate analysis of variance across measures of health and well-being.
Results: A hierarchical, two-factor model demonstrated good fit and included factors capturing productivity loss from personal reasons (WBA-PP) and work environment (WBA-PW). Significant interactions existed between these and previously validated presenteeism measures with respect to physical and emotional health, risk factors, and life evaluation.
Conclusions: This initial psychometric evidence suggests that the WBA-P and its subscales are valid measures of presenteeism that capture actionable well-being–related performance barriers.