Predicting workplace aggression: A meta-analysis
Hershcovis, M. S. Turner, N. Barling, J. Arnold, K. A. Dupré, K. E. Inness, M. LeBlanc, M. M. Sivanathan, N.
Journal of Applied Psychology, 92(1), 228 –238. doi: 10.1037/0021-9010.92.1.228
The authors conducted a meta-analysis of 57 empirical studies (59 samples) concerning enacted workplace aggression to answer 3 research questions. First, what are the individual and situational predictors of interpersonal and organizational aggression? Second, within interpersonal aggression, are there different predictors of supervisor- and coworker-targeted aggression? Third, what are the relative contributions of individual (i.e., trait anger, negative affectivity, and biological sex) and situational (i.e., injustice, job dissatisfaction, interpersonal conflict, situational constraints, and poor leadership) factors in explaining interpersonal and organizational aggression? Results show that both individual and situational factors predict aggression and that the pattern of predictors is target specific. Implications for future research are discussed.